Omega2000 is an imager in the near-infrared range (from z to K bands), placed on a 3.5-m telescope frontring. Thanks to a carefully designed dewar and baffling, Ω2000 can thus observe with a reduced (thermal) background from 0.85 μm up to 2,5 μm. Its rigid design at the prime focus suffers little mechanical deformations (1, 2 and 3).
Its optics, including a field corrector reducing the f-number to f/2.35, is designed to provide very low distorsion (less than one pixel, center to corner, see also spot diagram) and stable PSF, ideal for accurate astrometric studies (e.g., parallaxes of nearby brown dwarfs). With a single HAWAII-2 HgCdTe detector, Ω2000 covers a field of view of 15.5'x15.4'. The relatively wide field of view and high-transmission optics also make Omega2000 useful for deep surveys, like the ALHAMBRA NIR images of cosmological fields.
Available at: Primary focus of the CAHA Zeiss 3.5-m telescope
In a nutshell
||Ω2000/3.5 prime focus|
||4-lens (f/3.9 → f/2.35)|
HAWAII-2 HgCdTe 2048x2048 pixels
|Field of view||15.4'x15.4'|
|Pixel scale||0"45 / pixel|
|Geometric distorsion||<0.06% (<1 pixel)
|Wavelength range||0.8 μm to 2,5 μm with high QE
|Filter wheels||3 wheels of 7 filters each|
||29 in total, see full list|
Observing with Ω2000
|Preparing observations||During observations
|Requesting observing time||
Graphical User Interface (GUI).
Macros works, too!
Basic data reduction: Sect. 14 of manual
|Troubleshooting||Pipeline development: see René Fassbender's dipl. thesis|
|Full manual||Log sheets||Alhambra final data release|
|Exp. time calculator||
Interact with images using MIDAS commands, e.g. o2k/seeing for quick seeing estimate
|Detector QE (table)
29 filters7x3 wheels
|Note: considering the short exposure times in the NIR (typically 2 to 60 s), NO guiding is required for Ω2000!|
Technical papers: SPIE proceedings (2000, 2002 and 2004)
Diploma thesis of Anke Kitzing and René Fassbender
Spectacular images taken with Omega2000, at times in combination with other CAHA faciilities (see Vicent Peris website).
Includes the M57 NASA Astronomical Picture of the day, See also Descubre Fondación web page dedicated to M57.
Includes commissioning, first light, and instrument development images.
Calar Alto Press Releases
New light on the Trifid Nebula, a star nursery as old as Homo Sapiens
The massive cluster in front of the Orion Nebula
New spectacular signs of star formation in Cygnus
The best proto-brown dwarf candidate so far
Calar Alto: the darkness in the infrared