A new optical technology Made in Spain to detect SARS-Cov-2
Almería (Spain), February 18th, 2022
A team of Spanish researchers, coordinated by the University of Seville, with participation of Calar Alto Observatory and the Institute of Astrophysics of Andalusia (IAA-CSIC), was able to detect the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 using a new optical methodology. This tool could be potentially usable for massive, fast and easy-to implement screening.
A multidisciplinary collaboration, whose first results are published in the journal Scientific Reports, from the Nature Group, has obtained a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 87.5% in the detection of SARS-CoV-2 in nasopharyngeal exudate (the same samples used in a PCR test) from symptomatic people. It has also been possible to detect the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in fresh saliva of asymptomatic people, as well as to detect, differentiate and quantify two types of synthetic viruses (lentiviruses and synthetic coronaviruses) in two biofluids (saline solution and artificial saliva). The main advantage of this new technology over PCR lies in the speed of sample processing and the ability of the optical system to simultaneously analyze a large number of samples.
The authors of the study warn that these results should still be viewed with caution, as they constitute a 'proof of concept', with relatively small numbers of cases, under partially controlled laboratory conditions. For this reason, they are currently working on validating this new methodology under generic conditions, including new variants of the virus and the effects of vaccines.
This new methodology allows for the detection of viruses in liquid droplets and dry residues deposited on surfaces, through hyperspectral imaging and data processing based on advanced statistics and artificial intelligence. It allows rapid processing of multiple samples simultaneously, without contact or reagents and with relatively simple equipment, usable by personnel with minimal training. This new technique uses standard optical equipment and has been developed so that it can be implemented in resource-constrained settings. The technique has been patented and the authors are studying various options to set it up quickly and affordably.
The method and its implementation were designed by Prof. Emilio Gomez-Gonzalez, Principal Investigator of the Project and Professor of Applied Physics at the ETSI Engineering School of the University of Seville, where he directs its Group of Interdisciplinary Physics (GFI), researcher at the Group of Applied Neuroscience of the Institute of Biomedicine of Seville (IBIS) and collaborator of the HUMAINT Project of the JRC.
The C-CLEAN Project has been carried out by more than 30 researchers of 11 Spanish institutions, with a strong Andalusian component and European support. Participant institutions were the University of Seville as research coordinator, in addition to the active EOD-CBRN Group of the Spanish National Police, the Andalusian Network for the Design and Translation of Advanced Therapies (RAdytTA ), the Institute of Biomedicine of Seville (IBIS), the Calar Alto Astronomical Observatory (CAHA, Almería), the University Hospital ‘Virgen del Rocío’ (Seville), the University Hospital ‘Virgen Macarena’ (Seville), the Institute of Astrophysics of Andalucía (IAA-CSIC, Granada), the University of Cádiz-INIBICA, the Technological Corporation of Andalusia (CTA), with the support of the HUMAINT Project of the Joint Research Center (JRC) of the European Commission. In addition, three companies collaborated: Cambrico Biotech, SAMU, y el Centro Educacional Residencial Dr. Gregorio Medina Blanco.
The fundamentals of the method and its early results of application to the detection of another synthetic model of SARS-CoV-2 were published last August 2021 in the same journal. The C-CLEAN Project has been a great scientific and technological challenge that has been carried out in a very short time (15 months), since April 2020, in the extraordinarily difficult circumstances derived from the COVID-19 pandemic. It is a very complex investigation in which the results have been subjected to a rigorous and prolonged evaluation (6 months).
This research is Project COV20/00080 funded by the Emergency Call for Research Projects on SARS-CoV-2 and the COVID-19 disease of the Institute of Health ‘Carlos III’, Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation. Grant EQC2019-006240-P funded by MCIN/AEI/ 10.13039/501100011033 and by “ERDF A way of making Europe”. One of the researchers has received a Grant AEI RTI2018-094465-J.
The German-Spanish Calar Alto Observatory is located at Sierra de los Filabres, north of Almería (Andalucía, Spain). It is jointly operated by the Instituto Max Planck de Astronomía in Heidelberg, Germany, and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC) in Granada, Spain. Calar Alto has three telescopes with apertures of 1.23m, 2.2m and 3.5m. A 1.5m aperture telescope, also located at the mountain, is operated under control of the Observatorio de Madrid.
Emilio Gómez González et al. Scientific Reports 2022.Nature, 18 February 2022.
University of Seville, Press Officer
Luis García, dircom7 @ us.es
Calar Alto Observatory (CAHA, Almeria)
Jesús Aceituno director @ caha.es (+34) 960 632 501
Calar Alto Observatory is one of the infrastructures that belong to the national map of Unique Scientific and Technical Infrastructures (Spanish acronym: ICTS), approved on November 6th, 2018, by the Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Council
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